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ARMS OF SEES

I

N the stone of the Entrance Hall are set the Arms of the Archbishops or Metropolitans of Scotland, Ireland, Wales, India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa within a wreath of their floral emblems.

The Gold and Ivory Horn of Ulphus
Scotland. Arms of the See of St. Andrew's Thistle.
Ireland. Arms of the See of Armagh and the Shamrock.
Wales. Arms of the See of St. David's and the Leek.
Canada. Arms of the See of Ottawa and the Maple Leaf.
Australia. Arms of the See of Sydney and the Wattle.
New Zealand. Arms of the See of Auckland and the Fern.
South Africa. Arms of the See of Cape Town and the Protea.
India. Arms of the See of Calcutta and the Lotus-Star.

These are in continuation of those on the outside wall in Dean's Yard and in the portico.

Inset in the Flint-work of the Dean's Yard front are the Arms of the Provinces and Sees of England; they are carved on bondstones which bind the flint facing to the wall-core behind. Over the porch on the dexter side, or the left facing it, are those of Canterbury under a Mitre; on the sinister, those of York, also under a Mitre. On a bondstone up in the corner near the Arms of York is carved the famous ivory and gold Horn of Ulphus, treasured in the Minster. It was given as a pledge by the Danish King of Northumbria with the deed of his gift of the land on which the earliest church was built. The letters of his name Danish King of Northumbria are in the Anglo-Danish script of the 11th century. As Canterbury has no such relic as Ulphus' Horn to record the gift by King Aethelbert of the land on which the Cathedral stands, there is carved on a corresponding bondstone a Cross of the type on the Anglo-Saxon coins with the letters in the script of the age.

The scripts were given by Professor Tolkien of Oxford

Continuing on the dexter, or east, side, on the side of the porch, are the Arms of London and Winchester. On the main wall

Above
Wells Ely Norwich Exeter Gloucester St. Albans

Below
Rochester Worcester Lichfield Hereford Bristol Peterborough

On the sinister, or west, side, on the side of the porch are the Arms of Durham and of Carlisle. On the wall beyond come the Sees of the Province of York and beyond these the newer Sees of the Southern Province.

Above
Chester Manchester Sheffield Newcastle Blackburn

Below
Ripon Liverpool Wakefield Bradford Southwell

Above
Southwark Coventry Guildford Leicester Birmingham

Below
Truro Derby Portsmouth Bury St. Edmunds Chelmsford

These Coats of Arms are good heraldry in the sense that the charges or symbols are simple and can be easily read at a distance. Heraldry has been called the "Art of differentiation," as it was essentially in origin. There are some which are not simple, but are subjects more appropriate to pictures or sculpture of a larger scale; and they are so delicate that they would not long survive outside in the London climate. So they have been carved on stones let into the vaulted ceiling of the porch. As you face inwards they are:

Salisbury   Chichester
Sodor and Man

Opposite to these are:

Lincoln   Oxford

The charges of Sodor and Man have been separated, the Virgin Mary from the old pagan symbol of the Triskeles, which is found on the Greek coins of Melos of the 4th century B.C. and on those of Sicily to which King Alexander III of Scotland and Man claimed title.

From the Book "The Church House - Its Art and Symbolism"
Published for the Corporation of the Church House June 1940.
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